Robert Rauschenberg

North African Collages and Scatole Personali c. 1952

June 4 – August 10, 2012

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [pictographs and feathers], c. 1952.
Collage: printed paper, fabric, feathers, and glue on paper mounted on paperboard with two central hinged panels.
10 x 6 7/8 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [Moroccan Scrolls II], c. 1952.
Collage: printed paper and tissue paper mounted on paperboard.
14 x 5 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [insects], c. 1952.
Collage: engravings, printed paper, and glue on paper mounted on paperboard.
10 x 7 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [two arrows], c. 1952.
Gouache, newspaper, pencil, and glue on paper mounted on paperboard.
11 x 5 1/2 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [hand holding string with ball], c. 1952.
Collage: engraving and glue on paper mounted on paperboard.
10 x 7 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [two leaves], c. 1952.
Collage: engravings on paper mounted on paperboard.
14 7/8 x 5 1/4 inches.

 

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [necklace], c. 1952.
Collage: engravings and glue on paper mounted on paperboard.
10 x 7 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [Tower of Pisa], c. 1952.
Collage: engraving, printed paper, and glue on paper mounted on paperboard.
9 3/4 x 4 3/4 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [checkerboard], c. 1952.
Collage: paper, fabric, pencil, paint, and glue on paper mounted on paperboard.
14 x 5 1/4 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [optical device], c. 1952.
Collage: engravings, paper, fringed tissue paper, pencil, and glue on paper mounted on paperboard.
10 x 7 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [landscape with clouds], c. 1952.
Collage: engraving, fabric, tissue paper, and glue on paper mounted on paperboard.
14 x 5 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [face in bottle], c. 1952.
Collage: engravings, gouache, fabric, fringed tissue paper, cut paper, pencil, enamel, and glue on paper mounted on paperboard. 
14 x 5 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [microorganism], c. 1952.
Collage: engraving, printed paper, fabric, pencil, and glue on paper mounted on paperboard.
14 x 5 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [scorpion and plant], c. 1952.
Collage: engravings, printed paper, fabric, tissue paper, and glue on paper.
10 1/8 x 4 3/8 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled (Scatole Personali), c. 1952.
Assemblage: lidded stained wood box with dirt, pins, gelatin silver photograph, plastic lens, and mica.
1 1/2 x 2 1/8 x 3 inches (closed).

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled (Scatole Personali), c. 1952.
Assemblage: lidded stained wood box with dirt, pins, gelatin silver photograph, plastic lens, and mica.
1 1/2 x 2 1/8 x 3 inches (closed).

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled (Scatole Personali), 1952.
Assemblage: hinged veneered wood box with brass and silver fittings, fabric, engravings, twig, and winged insect.
1 3/8 x 3 1/2 x 4 3/8 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [female head under glass], c. 1952.
Collage: engravings, pencil, and glue on paper mounted on paperboard.
10 x 7 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [potatoes], c. 1952.
Collage: engraving and paper mounted on paperboard.
10 x 7 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [corked bottle], c. 1952.
Collage: engraving and paper mounted on paperboard.
10 1/4 x 7 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [chest and cavity], c. 1952.
Collage: engraving, pencil, and paper mounted on paperboard.
10 x 7 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [cogs], c. 1952.
Collage: engraving and paper mounted on paperboard.
10 x 7 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [foot], c. 1952.
Collage: engraving, pencil, and paper mounted on paperboard.
10 x 7 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [embryos], c. 1952.
Collage: engravings, pencil, and glue on paper mounted on paperboard.
14 x 5 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [pod and diagram], c. 1952.
Collage: engravings and glue on paper mounted on paperboard.
10 x 7 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [woman and lion], c. 1952.
Collage: engravings and paper mounted on paperboard.
10 x 7 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [insects and pod], c. 1952.
Collage: engravings and paper mounted on paperboard.
14 x 5 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [faces and mechanisms], c. 1952.
Collage: engravings and glue on paper mounted on paperboard.
14 x 5 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [potatoes], c. 1952.
Collage: engraving and paper mounted on paperboard.
10 x 7 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [frog and turtle], c. 1952.
Collage: engravings, pencil, and glue on paper mounted on paperboard.
14 x 5 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [foot dissection], c. 1952.
Collage: engraving, enamel, pencil, and glue on paper mounted on paperboard.
14 x 5 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [Christian symbol], 1952.
Collage: engraving, paper, cut tissue, tissue paper, pencil, and glue on paper mounted on paperboard; unattached folded paper with printed reproduction and glue.
10 x 7 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [Moroccan scrolls], c. 1952.
Collage: printed paper, paper, fabric, and glue on paper mounted on paperboard.
13 3/4 x 5 1/4 inches.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled [3 circles], c. 1952.
Pencil and ink on paper mounted on black paperboard, 8 x 3 1/8 inches.

Press Release

NEW YORK – Craig F. Starr Gallery is pleased to announce the opening of Robert Rauschenberg: North African Collages and Scatole Personali c. 1952. The show, which runs through August 10, examines two bodies of work Robert Rauschenberg created while traveling through Europe and North Africa with Cy Twombly between the fall of 1952 and the spring of 1953. His use of found materials to create the intimately scaled and portable works represents an important turning point in Rauschenberg's approach to art and anticipates the Combines of the 1950s.

Thirty-one of the known thirty-eight North African Collages are on view in this exhibition. During his seven month trip, Rauschenberg gathered local printed papers and old engravings found in bookstalls and flea markets. He used these materials in the collages, which - with the exception of two works, Untitled [locomotive] and Untitled [scorpion and plant] - he mounted on paperboard collected from the insides of shirts as they were returned from the cleaners.

Highlights of the exhibition include Untitled [pictographs and feathers], which has two hinged panels that can be opened to reveal brightly colored feathers, one red and one teal. Untitled [locomotivealso has a hinged panel which lifts to reveal a found inscription. Due to their delicacy, both are shown closed in the exhibition. Reproductions of the panels opened are illustrated in the catalogue.

The works are repetitive in size and scale, and most are only approximately 10 x 7 inches or 14 x 5 inches. The collages were by necessity mobile, and at the end of his trip, they were packed up and not exhibited for more than twenty years. While some have been exhibited in past Rauschenberg shows, this is the first exhibition highlighting this body of work.

The exhibition also includes two assemblage boxes, or Scatole Personali, which in Italian means personal boxes. One is a hinged veneered wood box with brass and silver fittings. The inside lid is lined with a satiny fabric and the bottom with found engravings. Rauschenberg glued a winged insect to a twig and placed it in the box. This piece, like the printed reproduction in the paper pocket of the collage Untitled [Christian symbol], is removable. The second assemblage is a lidded stained wood box. It is filled with a base of dirt in which the artist embedded a chip of mica, two rows of sharp pins, and a plastic lens. Under the lens is a small gelatin silver photograph of the artist.

Robert Rauschenberg: North African Collages and Scatole Personali c. 1952 is comprised of loans from the Robert Rauschenberg Foundation, The Sonnabend Collection and a private collage. A fully-illustrated catalogue, with an essay by John Yau, accompanies the exhibition.